The biblical story of Moses is one that has endured through the ages. One of the most important prophets in Judaism and Christianity, Moses was said to have led the enslaved Israelites out of Egypt and to the promised land. This is known in biblical terms as The Exodus.

But, outside of religious texts, is there any archaeological evidence for the Exodus has actually happened?

The short answer is No.

Scholarly consensus generally agrees that Moses was probably a legendary figure and not an actual historical person, whilst accepting that a Moses-like figure may have existed around the 13th century BC.

The ancient Egyptians were excellent record keepers and you would think that if a huge exodus like this happened then they would have recorded the event thoroughly. And yet, no record exists.

According to religious texts, tens of thousands of people were led by Moses through the scorching hot deserts. It’s highly unlikely that this happened. Such a gigantic group of migrating people would need a stable structure and government to function capably. Not only this, but their movements and existence would have been recorded by the various inhabited settlements and cities. They simply could not have gone unnoticed by the heavily occupied lands around Egypt at that time.

The only archaeological mention of ancient Israel to come out of ancient Egypt is recorded on the Merneptah Stele. Dated from around 1208 BC, it includes the following. “Israel has been wiped out...its seed is no more." This stele is more commonly known as the Israel Stele and was created after the apparent utter destruction of Israel - not necessarily as a country, but as a people.