Most mummies seem calm and serene. Their peaceful expressions carry a sort of everlasting restfulness. But not in the case of Seqenenre Tao. His facial expression is one of anguish and misery.

This is his story.

He reigned for only a few years in 1560 BC during the Second Intermediate Period. As you can see, his life came to a grizzly end at the hands of his enemies.

Several deep skull fractures are clearly visible. Most of which are fatal. Part of his left cheek is also missing. The biggest and most obvious of the injuries were probably caused by a Hyksos Axe.

It is theorised that two or more attackers dispatched the king, either in the heat of battle or perhaps in a ceremonial execution after a decisive defeat.

There are no obvious wounds anywhere else on his mummy which bolsters the hypothesis that he was executed whilst disarmed and helpless.

When his mummy was examined it was determined that no effort to remove his brain was made and he was shown to have been hastily mummified. This could be that by the time he was embalmed he was already decomposing. It is said that when he was found, an unpleasant smell filled the air. Bodily fluids still remained inside his mummy.

Sometimes, history can be brutal.