Anubis was the Ancient Egyptian god of the dead. He was responsible for ensuring that the deceased made it to the afterlife. He was a big deal.
Before the Greeks changed his name to Anubis, he was known to the Egyptians as Anpu or Inpu. Usually represented as a man with a canine’s head, Anubis is one of the most recognisable gods in the Egyptian cosmos. He is synonymous with Egypt.
Like many Egyptian gods, Anubis had a wide range of responsibilities. His worship goes as far back the Old Kingdom 3100 BC and was revered right up to the Ptolemaic Kingdom 300 BC.
Anubis was also the Guardian of the Scales. He was a critical component during the Weighing of the Heart ceremony. If the deceased’s heart weighed the same as the feather of Maat then that soul would ascend to a heavenly existence. However, if the heart weighed more than the feather it would be devoured by Ammit - quashing any chance of entering the afterlife.
His portrayal in the art can be seen all over Egypt in the form of statues, wall paintings, canopic jars and jewellery. His image has endured for 5000 years.
Egyptians would try to live their lives as best they could. They knew that if they should do something bad - they would have to answer to Anubis.