3500 years ago you were considered extremely lucky if you made it past your 1st birthday. The infant mortality rate was higher than it had ever been. As soon as a child is weaned off of breast milk and exposed to solid food he/she is vulnerable. Especially if you were born in 1480 BC.
People kept things as clean as possible but bacteria is incredibly difficult to kill.
The population regularly bathed in the Nile and infectious diseases and harmful organisms made their way into the body, multiplying and spreading. It wasn’t abnormal for a perfectly healthy person to get sick and die within a week or so.
Such was the way of Ancient life.
Children were extremely vulnerable. Their immune systems are practically nonexistent and any foreign malady could prove fatal.
This is the mummy of a small child. Possibly 4-5 years of age. It is estimated to be around 3500 years old and was discovered on an excavation at the Theban Necropolis near Luxor.
It is likely that this child died as a result of some unknown illness. Tuberculosis or Malaria are prime suspects. These two diseases swept through Ancient Egypt and killed thousands of people every year. It is now thought that Tutankhamun died of Malaria. At least two different strains were found to be present in his mummy at the time of his death.