This is the mummy of Queen Hatshepsut.
She ruled Egypt for about 15 years (1493–1479 BC) and was only the second woman known to have assumed the throne.
When she died, her successor Thutmose III took steps to erase her from existence - in particular, her mummy went missing. This has troubled Egyptologists for years until recently.
Her mummy was actually discovered by world-famous Egyptologist Howard Carter in 1903 but the identity of the body was unknown. It wasn’t until years later when another Egyptologist Zahi Hawass formally confirmed that the mummy was indeed the legendary queen.
CT scans and examinations of her revealed that she was around 45-60 years of age at the time of her death. Her teeth were in bad condition and she was obese when she died. Further, it was found that she was suffering from cancer which was detected in her spine and pelvis. This probably caused her death.
The identification of Hatshepsut’s mummy is one of the most important moments in all of Egyptology.