When a pharaoh died, he would take all his worldly possessions with him. His tomb would be packed full of precious goods, jewellery, gold and silver.
A pharaoh needs food and drink in the afterlife so the tomb would be stocked with this too. Dozens of jars of wine were found in Tutankhamun’s tomb for example. But it wasn’t just the essentials that a pharaoh took with him.
Exquisite luxuries like golden chariots, thrones, weapons and the finest footwear were pilled up in excess. The worth of all these goods is incalculable by today’s standards.
Most importantly, his body would have been expertly embalmed and mummified. His internal organs removed and placed in four sacred Canopic Jars. Ready to reunite with the host to enjoy eternal bliss in the afterlife.
A pharaohs worst nightmare would be the desecration and robbing of his tomb. If this should happen, then the journey to the afterlife would be interrupted and his soul would forever be lost. He would wander the Duat for all eternity.
Sadly this almost always happened. Pharaohs would take extreme measures to protect their tombs from tomb robbers. They would build long shafts in their tombs that led to nowhere to try to divert potential tomb invaders. They would carve warnings and curses on the tomb walls and would block off certain passageways to keep people out.
Unfortunately, the robbers usually made their way inside and took whatever they thought valuable.