You are looking at Darius III. A conqueror who stampeded through ancient Egypt. He was the last King of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia.
His reign over Egypt came to a sudden end when Alexander the Great swept through the country and overpowered Darius. With his death, Egypt was ‘liberated’ from Persian rule and so the Greek Period began.
Darius III held various titles over his reign. He was known as The King of Kings, The Great King, King of Persia, Pharaoh of Egypt and King of Countries. That’s quite a long list of accolades.
When thinking about Pharaoh’s of Egypt people usually conjure names like Ramesses or Tutankhamun or Seti.
It’s important to remember that Egypt was invaded and conquered several times during its long, complicated history,
The Persians, Hyksos, Nubians, Greeks and Romans all controlled Egypt at one point.
Darius III is just one example of a foreign king at the helm of the Egyptian machine.