Cleopatra VII Philopator is perhaps one of the most recognisable Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt. Owing to her western depictions in film and literature, specifically Shakespeare’s caricature of her in his play Anthony and Cleopatra.

Cleopatra was Macedonian which can be quite a surprise to people who have always thought of her as native Egyptian.

She was the last Pharaoh of Egypt, for when she died the country became a province of the Roman Empire which in turn ended the Hellenistic period in Egypt started by Alexander the Great.

She was rumoured to of been a keen linguist and was said to of speaking several languages including Egyptian - a language that all her predecessors had chosen not to learn.

She is perhaps most famous for having relationships with both Julius Caesar and Marc Antony. It’s no secret that her ties with Caesar were purely political. He needed Egypt to be at peace as the civil war was in the air at the time. A relationship was mutually beneficial for both of them.

She committed suicide after a long and arduous war with Octavian (Ceasar’s declared heir) She most likely killed herself by allowing an Asp to bite her or by using a toxic ointment on her skin. There are also suggestions that she scratched her skin with a hairpin and introduced the poison in that manner.

After her death, the war between Antony and Octavian was effectively over. Giving Octavian complete control over Rome.