The burial traditions of Ancient Egypt have been subject to a fascination for thousands of years. The process was first practised during the Old Kingdom and continued right up to around the 4th/5th centuries A.D.
In order for the deceased to enter the afterlife the body needed to be dried out and preserved. Natron was used which is a salty substance. All liquids were drained out of the body and the organs removed.
The process was gradually improved over the millennia to the point where the organs could remain inside the body. There was generally three different tiers of service. The richest families could enjoy the best and most thorough kind at the most expensive cost. There was a medium service and a basic service for the poor.
The removal of the brain was done by inserting a 7-8 inch long instrument up through the nasal cavity. The brain was then pulled out through the nostrils. Any remaining matter would be liquified with drugs and drained out.
The Egyptians didn’t keep the brain. They thought that the heart was responsible for all thinking and decisions.
The stomach, liver, intestines and lungs were separated and put into specific canopic jars. These were then buried with the body to ensure the deceased could reunite with his/her vital organs in the afterlife.
The body cavity was then cleaned and sewn up leaving aromatic spices and plants inside to give the body a pleasant smell. How thoughtful!