THUTMOSE III 1479-1425 BC.
Thutmose III was the sixth Pharaoh of the eighteenth dynasty of Ancient Egypt. His long reign of 55 years(ish) is one of the longest of any Pharaoh. A keen militarist, he led no fewer than 17 separate bloody campaigns and grew Egypt’s kingdom as far as it would ever reach.
A keen expansionist, he is said to of conquered at least 350 cities during his military campaigns. He was also responsible for the building of over 50 monuments although some of these have been lost and are only evidenced in surviving texts that have been passed down to us.
There is also evidence that Thutmoses’s artisans had learned to make glass - something that is generally considered to be a later development in history.
His mummy had been damaged by tomb robbers in antiquity but his face was relatively unscathed. You can see from the picture above that his face wasn’t anything like the monuments that were made in his name. His cheekbones are extremely prominent, his lips thick and his eyes sunken deep into his skull.
When he died his son, Amenhotep II inherited his father's vast kingdom. He wasn’t able to maintain the empire and hostilities grew between Egypt and Mitanni who were vying for power.