DJOSER 2668-2649 BC.
Reigning in the 3rd dynasty during the Old Kingdom, Djoser was the first Pharaoh to stack several mastabas on top of one another to create a grandiose tomb - known as the Step pyramid (the first structure of its kind)
Prior to this, Pharaohs were buried in simple rectangular shaped tombs or ‘stone benches’. Not much is known about Djoser, other than some inscriptions detailing excursions around the Sinai peninsular to quash unrest and quell the immediate inhabitants.
There is evidence that he commissioned dozens of building projects including an elaborate pyramid complex which included shrines, courtyards, temples and social quarters. Djoser is best known for being one of the founding Pharaohs of the Old Kingdom.