SNEFERU 2613-2589 BC.

This illustrious Pharaoh reigned for a disputed 24 to 48 years at the beginning of the 4th dynasty. One of the great pyramid builders, he is generally linked to the Bent Pyramid, the Red Pyramid and the Meidum Pyramid. The former being one of Ancient Egypt’s most successful disasters.

The structure rises up from the sands at an ambitious 54-degree angle and then abruptly changes to 43 degrees - giving it a distinct ‘bent’ appearance towards the top.

Scholars now believe that instability during its construction caused the builders to change the angle to save it from collapse. This theory is also backed up by the fact that the Red Pyramid (which was built almost immediately afterwards) rises out of the sand at the more modest 43-degree incline.

Sneferu’s bloodline continued the building tradition when his more famous son, Khufu, commissioned the Great Pyramid of Giza in 2560 B.C.