AMENHOTEP I 1551-1524 BC.


Amenhotep I was the second Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty. Son of Ahmose I, he is considered to have a fairly long reign of about a quarter of a century. Like his father before him, few literary records have come down to us. We know that many statues of his likeliness were cast but these are almost certainly from the ramesside period and were part of his faithful funerary cult.

Amenhotep’s rule introduced several literary developments, including the Amduat. A funerary text dedicated to the underworld. The text tells of the sun god, Ra, gliding through the Duat, west to east. The purpose of the Amduat in a tomb is to represent the dead Pharaohs journey through the Duat - as Ra successfully did.

Our Pharaoh appears to of taken the strange decision to site his mortuary temple away from his burial chamber. Up until now, it was common for kings to be buried in the same place as their temple, however, Amenhotep decided otherwise. Probably to keep his tomb safe from robbers.

Even in antiquity, Pharaohs’ tombs were being robbed of all of their goods and possessions. Sometimes long after the burial and in other cases almost immediately afterwards. It was a Pharaohs worst nightmare to think that their tomb would be stripped of everything they needed in the afterlife. All measures were taken, but the grave robbers almost always found their way in.

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