RAMESSES II 1279–1213 BC.


Also known as Ramesses the Great, he is often regarded as the most successful and powerful Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.

His steadfast leadership, successful military campaigns, extensive building works, and longevity attributed to his extreme popularity. It was during Ramesses reign that the earliest known peace treaty was signed. Sometimes called the Treaty of Kadesh or The Eternal Treaty, Egypt and the Hittites declared a truce that would last until the fall of the Hittite Empire 80 years later.

When Ramesses died, aged around 90 years (an extremely rare occurrence) he was suffering from severe arthritis. His many wars with Syria, Nubia and the Hittites had made Egypt immensely rich. He outlived most of his wives and children and because his legacy was so great the next 9 Pharaohs were named after him.

He is also the only Pharaoh in history to of been issued a passport. Thousands of years after his death in 1974, scientists flew his body to Paris for extensive examination after noticing that his mummy was deteriorating at an alarming rate. His occupation was listed as ‘King (deceased)’ His mummy now resides in the Egypt Museum in Cairo.

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