HATSHEPSUT 1507–1458 BC.
Hatshepsut was the second confirmed female Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. The first being Sobeknerfu (1806–1802 B.C.) It wasn’t exactly a struggle for Hatshepsut to claim the throne considering she was the sister, wife and daughter of a previous king, so her blood was rich with destiny.
She is often regarded as one of the more successful pharaohs. There was a fresh helping of art and architecture during her tenure and no military campaigns to speak of, so her time as Queen was relatively peaceful.
Our queen reestablished trade routes that were disrupted during the Hyksos occupation. This enabled Egypt to prosper and become richer and richer. She used this newfound wealth to build a huge array of monuments, obelisks and more. The most famous being Djeser-Djeseru at Deir el-Bahari - her beautiful mortuary temple.
It isn’t known exactly how she died but medical research of her mummy suggests that she may have been suffering from a skin disease. Which in turn was treated with a skin lotion? She may have found relief from using this salve but in the long term, it could have been responsible for the bone cancer which spread throughout her body.
After she died Thutmose III ascended to the throne. He tore down her monuments and disfigured many of her beautiful statues. It’s not known why this act of Damnatio memoriae took place but she was almost totally erased from the pages of history. Some of her statues and monuments survived though and luckily for us, her memory and legacy have survived so we can look back on her with praise and compassion for what she achieved.