This question has plagued Egyptologists for decades. Did he die in an accident? Did he succumb to illness? Or is there evidence of foul play?

Let’s find out.

Since Howard Carter’s initial examination in 1925, there have been at least three more advanced examinations carried out with more sophisticated technology. The first x-rays were carried out in 1968 and revealed that part of the frontal ribs was missing. This was curious as usually the ribs were kept in place during the mummification process leading scientists to believe that they were already damaged and thus removed before he was embalmed. Had Tut sustained an injury in battle which led to his death?

An examination in 2005 revealed that a skull fracture on Tut’s skull happened post-mortem so murder was ruled out. A CT scan highlighted that Tut had a cleft palette and a slightly elongated skull which appeared to be a family trait. The CT scan also confirmed that Tut was 19 years old at the time of his death.

During an examination of his mummy in 2009, it was determined that he was suffering from a particularly virulent form of Malaria when he died. Further tests showed signs of Avascular Necrosis in his foot. This would explain why so many canes (139 of them!) and Ancient Egyptian medicines were found in his tomb.

Based on these findings we can’t say for certain how Tutankhamun died but we can certainly make a good guess. He probably died because of a combination of the necrosis in his foot and malaria he was suffering from. He may also have been weakened by a recent accident whilst riding in his chariot as there was evidence of an injury to his leg.